How Southern Asia is Shaping the Global Economy

How Southern Asia is Shaping the Global Economy


Southern Asia is made up of a diverse region that includes countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives, and Afghanistan. The region is known for its rich history and cultural diversity. These countries are collectively shaping the global economy in significant ways. This article aims to explore how Southern Asia is shaping the global economy and also highlights the top ten tourist attractions located in this region.

Economic Growth in Southern Asia

Southern Asia has been experiencing significant economic growth in recent years. Many of these countries have undergone rapid economic and social development through exports and foreign investment. This has led to significant increases in employment rates and general economic stability. India, in particular, has been the dominant force in this development, contributing nearly 80% of the region’s GDP. India is now one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, with an expected growth rate of 7.3% in 2021.

Infrastructure Development

Infrastructure development has been a key factor in the growth of Southern Asia’s economy. Many of these countries have invested much of their GDP on infrastructure projects such as public transportation systems, highways, bridges, and airports. This has enabled these countries to access new markets while also allowing their residents to travel and transport goods with ease. Moreover, the rise of technology and digital connectivity in Southern Asia has attracted many global tech giants. This has led to the growth and development of firms such as Google and Facebook, which have opened offices in major cities in the region.

Trade Agreements

Southern Asian countries have found a way to forge economic ties through the creation of trade agreements. These agreements have created a platform for Southeast Asian countries to trade with one another and the rest of the world. The most notable of these agreements is the ASEAN Free Trade Area agreement, which was established in 2002. This agreement has been critical in opening up Southeast Asia to increased international trade and has made the region a destination for foreign investment.

Tourism Industry

Tourism has played a significant role in the growth of Southern Asia’s economy, especially in countries such as Thailand and Sri Lanka. The region’s rich cultural heritage, stunning landscapes and hospitality have attracted millions of visitors annually. The tourism industry has seen a boost in Southern Asia due to the introduction of low-cost airlines and better connectivity with the rest of the world.


1. What are the largest economies in Southern Asia?

India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh are the largest economies in Southern Asia.

2. How has technology contributed to Southern Asia’s economy?

Technology has led to the rise of the digital economy and created opportunities for global tech firms to invest and set up tech hubs in Southern Asia.

3. What are the major infrastructure projects in Southern Asia?

The major infrastructure projects in Southern Asia include highways, airports, public transportation systems and technology parks.

4. What is the most significant trade agreement in Southern Asia?

The ASEAN Free Trade Area agreement is the most significant trade agreement in Southern Asia.

5. What is the tourism industry like in Southern Asia?

The tourism industry in Southern Asia is booming, with millions of tourists visiting the region annually.

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Southern Asia

1. The Taj Mahal in Agra, India. This iconic monument is one of the most beautiful structures in the world.

2. The Golden Temple in Amritsar, India. The beautiful golden temple is a famous attraction in India.

3. Borobudur Temple in Java, Indonesia. This ancient temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is renowned for its beautiful architecture.

4. Angkor Wat in Cambodia. This temple complex is beautiful and mixes traditional Cambodian style with Hindu and Buddhist influence.

5. The Great Wall of China. This wall is a spectacular site to behold and one of the greatest architectural feats of all time.

6. The Maldives. The beautiful islands of Maldives are known for their stunning beaches and crystal-clear waters.

7. The Temples of Bangkok, Thailand. These stunning temples are beautiful places of worship and offer a unique insight into Thai culture.

8. Mount Everest. This mountain is the tallest peak in the world and offers remarkable views and an unforgettable experience.

9. The Forbidden City in Beijing, China. The palace complex was the home of the Emperors of China for over 500 years and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

10. The Hill Stations of India. These beautiful hill stations offer hiking, breathtaking views and opportunities to relax.


Southern Asia is home to many fascinating and diverse cultures and has great potential to shape the global economy of tomorrow. Its continued economic growth continues to attract investors from around the world. Furthermore, its attraction to tourists from all over the world has ensured Southern Asia will continue to be a destination for many years to come. Whether you are traveling for business, leisure, or both, Southern Asia has a lot to offer.

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