When it comes to discovering the rich culture and traditions of Corfu on your holiday, there is no shortage of things to see and do. From historic landmarks and museums to bustling markets and picturesque beaches, this Greek island has it all. Here is a detailed guide to help you make the most of your trip to Corfu.
History and Culture of Corfu
Corfu has a long and fascinating history, influenced by various civilizations over the centuries. From the ancient Greeks and Romans to the Venetians and British, each one has left its mark on the island. Today, you can still see the evidence of this rich heritage in the island’s architecture, historic landmarks, and cultural traditions.
The Old Town of Corfu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and for good reason. The narrow streets are lined with charming buildings, many dating back to the Venetian period. Take a stroll through the town to see the two Venetian fortresses, the old and new citadels, and the Palace of St. Michael and St. George. This grand 19th-century building now houses the Museum of Asian Art, which boasts over 10,000 pieces from China, Japan, and India.
One of the most important cultural traditions in Corfu is the celebration of Easter. The island has its unique way of observing this Christian holiday with a mix of religious rituals and secular customs. On Good Friday, a procession of the Epitaph, a symbolic representation of Christ’s coffin, takes place in the old town. On Resurrection Day, a custom called the “Botides” sees people throwing large, clay pots from their balconies, creating a loud and joyous noise.
Another essential part of Corfu’s culture is the local cuisine. Due to the island’s location between Italy and Greece, it has blended the best of both cuisines to create something unique. Traditional Corfiot dishes include sofrito, a veal dish cooked with white wine and garlic, and bourdeto, a fish stew with red pepper and tomato sauce. Don’t forget to sample some of the island’s famous olive oil and locally produced wines.
FAQs about Corfu
Q: What is the best time to visit Corfu?
A: The best time to visit Corfu is from April to October, with the peak season being in July and August.
Q: What is the currency used in Corfu?
A: The currency used in Corfu is the euro.
Q: What is the language spoken in Corfu?
A: The official language is Greek, but English is widely spoken in tourist areas.
Q: Is Corfu a safe destination?
A: Corfu is considered to be a safe destination for tourists, with a low crime rate.
Q: Do I need a visa to visit Corfu?
A: If you are a citizen of the EU or the USA, you do not need a visa to enter Corfu for up to 90 days.
Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Corfu
1. Old Town of Corfu: Explore the narrow streets and historic landmarks of this UNESCO World Heritage Site.
2. Achilleion Palace: A stunning palace built for Empress Elisabeth of Austria, featuring beautiful gardens and panoramic views.
3. Angelokastro Castle: A fortress built in the 13th century with breathtaking views of the island.
4. Paleokastritsa: A beautiful resort town with crystal-clear waters and a picturesque monastery.
5. Museum of Asian Art: A fascinating collection of over 10,000 pieces from China, Japan, and India.
6. Corfu Beaches: With over 200 km of coastline, Corfu has some of the best beaches in Greece, including Glyfada, Sidari, and Kassiopi.
7. Canal d’Amour: A stunning natural formation of limestone cliffs and caves, with crystal-clear waters perfect for swimming.
8. The Liston: A beautiful arcaded street in the heart of Corfu Town, perfect for shopping and dining.
9. Mount Pantokrator: The highest mountain in Corfu, offering stunning views of the island and the mainland.
10. Corfiot Cuisine: Sample the best of local cuisine, including sofrito, bourdeto, and locally produced olive oil and wine.
Corfu is a beautiful and fascinating destination that has something for everyone. Whether you are looking to soak up the island’s rich history and culture, relax on a stunning beach, or sample delicious local cuisine, there is no shortage of things to see and do. With this detailed guide and FAQs section, you should be well-prepared for a fantastic holiday in Corfu.